Minimum Environmental Impact Production
Environmental pollution due to an increase in waste and water shortages following a rise in water demand is a social issues that is shared across the globe.
DENSO’s business activities are underpinned by a large amount of natural capital, and we therefore consider it an urgent issue to minimize the impact of climate change and the environmental burden of the natural capital we use. To that end, we build factories that contribute to a recycling-oriented society by minimizing emissions of waste and chemical substances, reducing water use, and using resources effectively. We have established the DENSO Safety and Environmental Management Standard (DAS) , which is more stringent than the environmental regulations in the countries and regions where we operate. We identify hypothetical environmental risks (such as environmental accidents, pollution, and legal violations), which we work to prevent from materializing and minimize when they do.
(1) Controlling and reducing chemical substances during production
We classify chemical substances used at factories into “prohibited,” “targeted for reduction,” and “controlled” categories. We seek to implement unified control of all chemical substances used in product materials, procured components, and production processes by means of a CMMS,* a proprietary chemical substance control system. Also, we continue to develop alternative technologies and reduce usage and emissions of chemical substances on an ongoing basis.
In terms of a management system, we are promoting the transition to substances with a smaller environmental impact by conducting chemical substance risk evaluations based on an understanding of actual usage conditions and will strive to achieve DENSO Eco Vision 2025 minimum environmental impact production targets throughout the Company.
Overall structure of CMMS
① Reduction of Ozone Depleting Substances
International regulations regarding chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) were introduced pursuant to the Montreal Protocol in July 1989 in light of their recognition as substances that deplete the ozone layer in the stratosphere. The production of CFCs was prohibited at the end of 1995, leading to a steady reduction in consumption.
DENSO established the Special Committee in Response to Restrictions on CFCs in 1988 prior to the issuance of the international regulations, and conducted activities to reduce CFCs used in the cleaning of electronic components and the processing of machine components at factories as well as in refrigerants for car air conditioning systems. As a result, we completed the switch to HFC-134a, a fluorocarbon alternative for use in refrigerants for car air conditioners, by the end of 1995 and totally eliminated CFCs in manufacturing processes by August 1995.
In addition, we stipulate substances for which we prohibit the purchase and use of, including ozone-depleting substances, in the “DENSO Group Green Procurement Guideline” and have requested members throughout the supply chain not to use such substances.
Response to New Fluorocarbon Laws [DENSO CORPORATION]
In April 2015, the Act on Emission Control of Fluorocarbons took effect in Japan, which targets class I-specified products in workplaces across the country. Since the implementation of this act, DENSO has been cooperating with government policies for reporting and disclosing fluorocarbon emission amounts.
② Soil and groundwater purification and conservation
DENSO promotes ongoing initiatives from the perspectives of corporate social responsibility and environmental risk management with the aim of preventing pollution of soil and groundwater. It detected the presence of organic chlorine substances in excess of environmental limits at four sites in Japan, since which time we have been implementing purification measures.
Measurement results and progress are being reported and explained through local government and community forums.
[Background to initiatives]
Measured value of trichloroethylene［DENSO CORPORATION］
|Location||Groundwater concentration at site (mg/l)||Current status|
|Headquarters||Less than 0.002 up to 0.106||Less than 0.002 up to 0.270|
|Ikeda Plant||Less than 0.002 up to 0.961||Less than 0.002 up to 0.100|
|Anjo Plant||Less than 0.002 up to 1.027||Less than 0.002 up to 0.178|
|Nishio Plant||Less than 0.002 up to 0.438||Less than 0.002 up to 1.051|
③ Early treatment of PCB waste
The Stockholm Convention classified polychloride biphenyls (PCBs), a group of substances widely used in dielectric oil and heating media, as persistent organic pollutants, introducing restrictions on the manufacture, use and disposal of stored stocks and mandating reductions in emissions. Japan introduced storage and reporting requirements the same year with the enactment of the Law for the Promotion of Environmentally Sound Destruction of PCB Waste.
DENSO CORPORATION had been storing the substances in accordance with relevant laws since 1974 but began disposing of them at a specialized disposal company for high-voltage capacitors in 2006. By fiscal 2020, this process had been completed for all units with a high concentration of PCB waste (10,498) and all units with a low concentration of PCB waste (1).
(2) Effective Use of Resources in Production
For DENSO, “promoting the effective use of resources aimed at creating a recycling-oriented society” has been set as a priority task for maximizing resource productivity. By doing so, we seek to realize zero emissions (zero waste at landfill).
In addition, we worked to reduce waste and the disposal amount of main materials (metals and plastics) and subsidiary materials (fats, oils, and chemicals) by developing processing methods that take resource conservation into account and by designing products that generate less waste, and thereby achieved our targets. We have since started promoting the initiative to reduce waste globally with the aim of minimizing resource loss.
① Waste and Emissions Reduction
DENSO CORPORATION and all domestic Group companies achieved zero emissions at all sites in fiscal 2004.
A total of 26 out of 45 principal facilities overseas achieved zero emissions in fiscal 2020. Furthermore, in addition to a reduction in the overall amount of emissions from factories, we will encourage higher quality recycling (recycled resource usage “zero Emissions ADVANCE”) and contribute to cost reductions and global environmental preservation through effective resource utilization.
Zero Emissions ADVANCE
② Reducing Packing Material Usage in Distribution
DENSO is promoting the use of more simple and returnable packing materials in accordance with the 3Rs (reduce, reuse, and recycle).
Specific efforts include promoting a switch from cardboard to plastic returnable containers and from cardboard pallets to plastic sheets. Wide-ranging efforts also include reusable packing in transportation between factories, as well as improvement activities using a more lightweight outer container for export. We are continuing to implement these initiatives.
(3) Water Risk Management
In recent years, in addition to the prevention of water contamination and other pollution, a variety of water problems including droughts and floods are intensifying, resulting in stronger demand for efforts to counter water risks. For this reason, DENSO identifies water risks. Based on evaluations that take into account regional characteristics (locational factors), we promote the reduction of these risks by strengthening measures related to countering water risks and the sharing of water risk countermeasure case studies. We also ensure emergency water resources in accordance with regional needs and proactively develop rainwater usage.
① Response for water risk
Water risk means all aspects of risk related to water, and it is addressed by assessing it in terms of “produced” and “incurred” effects.
Status of water risks by region
Cases of measures against water risk
① Reducing water consumption
DENSO has formulated a policy aimed at effective utilization of water resources and minimizing water consumption as part of the Environmental Action Plan and identified intake sources with the most impact.
We have set regional guidelines and targets for the reduction of water consumption. Aside from striving to conserve and recycle water, we have set voluntary standards for the quality of discharge water that are stricter than legal requirements and carefully manage the quality and temperature of water during discharge.
Just-in-Time (JIT) Water
This system manages and supplies water in the required amount, at the required time, in the required place through the creation of a management model with an integrated view of facilities, from water supply to drainage. This enables an understanding of daily water usage, drainage time, water requirements, and wastewater concentration for each production line and facility. Furthermore, it optimizes the allocation and amount of water for construction, municipal water, and circulated water in an attempt to control the amount of neutralizing chemicals used in accordance with wastewater concentrations.
Water Intake (Usage) Amount (Domestic [DENSO CORPORATION + Domestic Group Companies])
|Fiscal 2017||Fiscal 2018||Fiscal 2019||Fiscal 2020||Fiscal 2021|
|Water intake amount||1,142||1,204||1,065||1,111||1,080|
Water Management in Factories
(1) Reduce intake amount
A large quantity of water is used to clean components and for cooling in the production process. As such, we have set reduction targets for the amount of water intake for industrial purposes at each factory and are working to effectively reuse and recycle water through various techniques.
(2) Enhance the 3Rs of water
We aim to enhance the 3Rs of water when selecting equipment to use. This means minimizing water consumption (Reduce), using spent water again (Reuse), and treating and re-circulating water (Recycle).
(3) Effectively use rainwater
Rainwater is collected and stored in tanks at production sites in Japan, where rainfall is high, as well as overseas. This water is then used for watering greenbelts and as a coolant for air conditioning units.
(4) Manage wastewater and reduce risk through a closed loop system
DENSO has set voluntary standards for wastewater treatment processes that are even stricter than legal requirements as a means to enhance quality management for wastewater. We are promoting a closed loop system through systematic processing at a concentrated level as well as reuse and high-quality management. Sewage water from factories is treated and processed using anaerobic microorganisms. This helps cut sludge to one-third and required power consumption to one-half compared with aerobic microorganisms. Also, the methane gas generated is effectively utilized as fuel at some sites.